Civil is the study of the theoretical, political and practical aspects of citizenship, and their rights and duties as individuals and as a citizen of a country. The duties of citizens to each other as members of a political body and to the government. It also means the act of relating to ordinary citizens and their concerns.
What is Civil Education?
This is the study or the art of learning the processes that affect people’s beliefs, capabilities, rights, duties related to the theoretical, practical and political aspects as a citizen of a state or country. Civil education is by no means connected to military and it has nothing to do with ones religion,it is the relationship between individuals and their governance in democracy. It therefore brings understanding about the political community and it’s citizens membership in the body of politics which means citizenship in a democracy, it promotes the understanding of democracy and people’s right and duties in the society, state or country. It also helps each person’s to know the laws governing the state, it promotes the orientation of citizens and consciousness about governance.
The Education of civilians in Nigeria schools as opposed to the military empowered the citizens in organizing and conducting themselves to be self – dependent and be politically impactful in the societies, which therefore bring peace and liberty to all individuals in the country.
Civil Education in Nigerian Schools and their Importance.
In Nigeria, school help develop students knowledge and skills ,character, commitment , the media, the community and religion with important influences. School influences citizen and play a major role and great responsibilities in the life of students. Civil Education was introduced to schools to impart the citizens of Nigeria more about the democracy and what it all entails on governance. The learning of Civil Education begins from the primary school to secondary schools, even higher institution have some courses about civils. These are all the ways to encourage and enlighten the citizens more and broad about democratic self government which means that citizens can actively be involved in their governance.
Civil Education helps the pupil to understand better their impact in the society, it enables them see the future that lies ahead of them in the country and how they can be of help in one way or another in developing the country. It is necessary that educators and learners such as Nigeria students to have a vision for their governance and that education should cover all aspects including the political sector. They are supposed to be oriented about the history of the constitution of the country, the development so far, the innovations both old and new in government ,what the outcome are, use and abuse of constitution. These knowledge gives students a relation to the democratic society, and makes them well behaved individual in the society wherever they find themselves.
Civil Education therefore leads to the responsibility of individuals to the society, commitment to constitution of the country, respect and relationship with citizens, human rights and duties, polite friendship in local and national affairs and tolerance. It create a virtue in Nigerian schools, thereby gives or enhance a democratic way of life in the lives of students, in homes, market, schools and the society at large. It creates habit to be a good citizen of the country without violence, conflict or struggles.
Civil education as a matter of fact helps individuals to maintain social factors, health factors (forward thinking ),community orientation, individual behavior, policy makings, public safety, exposure to mass media and emerging technologies. Civil education gives the people power to do rights in the country and enable the young citizens to create a society for democracy and participating fully in the system.
Civil education open the eyes of students to their personal, political, economic, civil rights.
The personal rights which are rights individuals has over all that concerns them ,the rights over their body, their security, personal property,personal liberty and private life. Civil education makes them understand their personal existence in life as a citizen of Nigeria. One’s personal right is their own identity.
The political right is the understanding civil education will give Nigeria students ,which is the participation in the governance, both the administration and establishment of a government.Political rights includes natural justice in law, the right an accused have, individual freedom, individual participation in politics without discrimination, right to vote, the right to self defense, right to assemble, right to seek legal remedy, right to a fair trial.
Civil education is important to gives Nigerian students what their economic rights are which are rights to education, right to housing, right to health, the right to science, right to travel within or outside the state, a right to drink and eat healthily, a right to possessions, right to contract, right to work ,to rest, right to material security especially in old age and to disables.
Civil rights or knowledge is an advantage of Civil education because it is concerned in their roles as a citizen of Nigeria, their impact as a citizen. Their rights to movement, the right to life, the right to elect and to be elected, freedom of speech and expression, freedom of meeting, freedom of formation, freedom of religion, freedom of thought, of conscience, freedom to private life, freedom to make a family, right to hold position.
Civil education provides civil skills for Nigerian students,skills to be able to think critically about a political issue, skills that enable them to know the history and importance of politics, teaches them to identify and have understanding of the flag, natural monument, political events and every other important information and the meaning of significance of irrelevance. It teaches the skills to make decisions on their own, the skills to become independent and intellectual skills.
Civil education provide civilians life, politics and government as it makes the country constitution a familiarity for the citizen. It also enables them to understand the relationship between politics and government of their country to other countries, it promotes am understanding of how one’s quality life and position in the economic is connected to the nearby countries, also to both national and international organizations.
As a citizen of Nigeria ,it is expected of all to know their responsibilities such as personal and civil responsibilities to obey the law, attentive to public issues and paying taxes.